BNPB (Indonesia’s disaster management agency) organised a coordination meeting for disaster management at the national level on Wednesday (24/02). Disaster reduction through community capacity building was the theme for this meeting.
According to the head of BNPB, the mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction is the part of the national development plan for the period of 2015-2019. This effort can be achieved by increasing the capacity of communities to cope with the disaster threat. Capacity of communities plays important role in reducing victims and damages after a disaster event.
Apart from the theme, the goal of this meeting is to coordinate and synchronise the national and provincial/district programs in the disaster management context. One of the targets is to reduce the disaster risk index in 136 district.
Picture courtesy: @BNPB_Indonesia
The history of The National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) of Republic Indonesia was related to the development of disaster management activity since Indonesia’s Independence Movement in 1945 to the mega-earthquake that struck Indian Ocean in the twentieth century.
Indonesia as the largest archipelago country in the world has 17.508 islands. This country has many kinds of natural resources, but it is also part of a ring of fire zone. As consequences, there are 129 active volcanoes that spread all over the nation and threatening the inhabitants.
Beside the threat from the volcanoes, Indonesia, is located in the cross section between three active tectonic plates: Indo-Australia, Eurasia, and Pasific. Therefore, this country suffers from geological disaster such as: earthquake and tsunami.
Geological disaster is not the only type of disaster that hit Indonesia. Due to its location in the tropical zone, the country also has to be faced with hydro-meteorological disaster such as: strong wind, flood, landslide, and drought.
Both geological and hydro-meteorological disaster is caused by the power of nature. In addition, Indonesia also has non natural or man made disaster. For instance, this type of disaster are forest fire, social conflict, and technological failure.
In order to face those kinds of disaster, Indonesia government established disaster management system. An institution that manage with the disaster is inevitable. The process of development the disaster institution in Indonesia is shown in the diagram below.
Jakarta, (27/10) Pasific Disaster Center (PDC) and BNPB conducted Train the Trainer for Indonesia All-hazards Warning and Risk Evaluation (InAWARE). The training purpose was to improve the personal ability of BNPB staff in gathering disaster data. This activity taught the participants to deliver early warning in disaster management through improving the access of information from several sources nationally and internationally. Those sources were integrated in order to send the disaster information for the disaster prone community.
InAWARE system provided facility for monitoring and evaluating the risk. InAWARE system actually is the modifying version of previous Disaster Aware which build by PDC, the platform that integrating a number of global data for disaster monitoring.
“InAWARE system will increase the ability of personnel to search and collecting the disaster data in the prone area.” John Livengood, one of the instructors explained. “This system has continued developing in order to make it easier to use and the data will more complete. In addition, InAWARE assists the disaster management institution to access automatically the disastrous events in national, regional, and international region. Furthermore, the system supports data sharing among the disaster management activists and dissemination the disaster information for the risk society.
The source for this article is from BNPB Website
The number of refugees after the eruption of Mount Sinabung reached 3.284 people or 1018 households that being placed in 12 camps. Previously, it was 16 camps, and the reduction of the camp site was due to easier management.
The mountain was showing highly activity until Sunday (26/10). 98 times tremor and 2 times glowing clouds were recorded and have been reached 3,5 kilometres in southern direction. The height of the cloud column reached 2 kilometres. On the west side of the peak mountain, rock fall was witnessed reach out 700-1000 meter. The mountain status remains stable at level III.
Nobody knows when the eruption will accomplish. Even the geological institution could not predict when Sinabung will cease and back to normal. All of the volcano parameters are showing highly activities. It means the eruption and rock fall likely to happen again. The pattern of the lava flow has been known by the official and people as well which can get to 5 km in southern direction and 3 km for the others direction and therefore people in this radius should be evacuated.
The terms of disaster emergency applied only in particular area that should be abandoned by the inhabitant whereas the other area can conduct their normal activities. The government will give aid with merit to the recommendation of geological agency. BNPB hopes that local government in Karo District also allocated budget to manage with the disaster.
The logistic stock was enough for the next 3 until 6 days. The health, education, and infrastructure were in a good situation. BNPB have assigned 10,3 billion rupiah to BPBD in Karo District to land and house rent, as well for living guarantee for the refugees who come from Sukameriah, Bekerah, Simacem, Kutatonggal, Gamber, Berastepu, and Gurukinayan village. Based on the report by BPBD Karo, the total of the budget that have been used was 10,24 billion for 2.161 households.
The source is from BNPB Website
Jakarta – It has been four years since the eruption of Mount Merapi. An affected community experience significant improvement in rehabilitation and reconstruction process. One of the key successes in the process was the establishment of the joint program among the UN organisations such as: UNDP, FAO, and NGO like IOM. This program was under supervised and coordinated of the BNPB as part of the after disaster action plan for rehabilitation and reconstruction which had been established since July 2011. Exposing the result to communities, UNDP, BNPB and other UN bodies conducted ‘Program Exposes’ on Thursday (23/10) at Jakarta.
This program was held in two phases, the first phase started in February 1, 2012 until May, 2013, while the second phase was between February 2, 2013 and September, 2014. The output of the program covered three aspects. Firstly, the program considered about the livelihood recovery sustainability and supporting the increased of income by involving value chain analysis for the selected commodity. Secondly, the activity urged the capacity building for local government to organise and coordinate the recovery process that based on disaster risk reduction and also encouraged the participation all stakeholder. Lastly, there was a strengthening in resilience and coordination among the affected community and related stakeholder.
Several achievements have been touching the affected community. Beyond the capacity development of the local government, affected community gained the experience to increase their welfare after the eruption. Those were included communal cage for the cow, the certification for snake fruit for export purpose, village information system, etc. The rehabilitation and reconstruction program based on disaster risk reduction and build back better principle.
In his remarks, The Director of Recovery and Social Economic Improvement of BNPB, Siswanto Budi Prasodjo, said thank you for the UN agencies and other donors for supporting and the significant achievement for rehabilitation and reconstruction program after the eruption four years ago. Siswanto, as coordinator of DR4, UNDP, said that the program accomplishments had been increasing livelihood and sovereignty of the affected people.
Source from BNPB Website